IPI HomeEventsStøre: Social Media Challenge Regimes; People Bring Them Down


print print  |  share share back back

Panel Discussions - Wednesday, September 21, 2011

Støre: Social Media Challenge Regimes; People Bring Them Down

Jonas Gahr Støre, the Foreign Minister of Norway, and chair of the Fourth Annual Trygve Lie Symposium on Fundamental Freedoms at IPI made this reference in opening the discussion September 21st at this year’s symposium, which focused on The Role of Social Media in Promoting Democratization and Human Rights: Prospects and Challenges.

He said that social media represented “an important challenge for authoritarian regimes and opportunity for people who are uprising. But I think the point here which I would like to make is that neither Facebook nor Twitter brought down Mubarak or Ben Ali. It was people who did it, people who took to the streets, unarmed, apart from the conviction that they had their moment of opportunity.”

His reference was to Hosni Mubarak and Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, the leaders of Egypt and Tunisia who were both forced from office earlier this year by popular protests.

Mr. Støre said that social media were “tools and multipliers”, offering a more effective way of bringing out information, but he warned that “this efficiency, of course, triggers repressive regimes, and they have not been slow to respond.”

In that connection, he noted that some sixty countries “are listed as exercising strong forms of Internet censorship. They filter, they infiltrate, they manipulate, and they harass. So there is another technology branch growing up with those opportunities, and especially for human rights defenders, this insecurity of digitally-stored or communicated information via social media can prove to be a great vulnerability, a dilemma.”

Carl Bildt, the Foreign Minister of Sweden and an avid Twitter user himself, echoed these thoughts about the power and vulnerability of social media and said that his country had put Internet freedom and Internet security “high on our Foreign Policy agenda.”

Nora Younis, human rights activist, journalist and blogger in Egypt, said that social networks “had this major role in what happened in Egypt, but I don’t want to overplay it. The revolution did not happen by coincidence or due to some hashtag or some Facebook group. It’s been a lot of work done on the ground by generations.”

Maria Otero, US Under Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs, said that Internet freedom was also a priority for the United States. “Secretary Clinton has really coined this phrase, ‘freedom to connect’, because really the Internet freedom is grounded in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,” she said.

Wissam Tarif, Arab World Campaigner for Avaaz (Global Movement), talked about social media’s importance in Syria where a popular resistance is testing the regime of Bashar al-Assad, and the government is characterizing the protests as a foreign-led conspiracy. “I have been there three times since the uprising, in different areas in Syria, and the only thing that stands behind this uprising is the Syrian people’s will, because they want to be free, and they want to live in democracy. They used Facebook to organize themselves and to spread the word. They used Twitter.”

Claire Diaz Ortiz, Manager for Social Innovation and Executive Leadership at Twitter, recalled that the author Malcolm Gladwell had written an article last year stating that revolutions wouldn’t be tweeted. “And at the time,” she said, “it was this big question, ‘Is he right?’ you know, ‘Can the revolution not be tweeted, really?’”

“And now a year later, there’s no question. We all know people are tweeting revolutions.”

 Read Transcript

Watch video of event:

Our Statement

One of the pillars of IPI is its convening role. Each year IPI organizes a wide-ranging selection of meetings designed to facilitate strategic thinking and policy development on issues related to peace and security. IPI aims to strengthen public awareness through the generation of policy recommendations and the dissemination of research findings not only within the UN community, but within academic, political, civil society circles and beyond. This is achieved through a range of off- and on-the-record discussions, including policy fora focusing on expert briefings, examinations of military and police practices and preparations, book launches, speaker presentations, workshops and seminars, and full-day and multi-day conferences.

Events Staff

Warren Hoge

Senior Adviser for External Relations


Beatrice Agyarkoh

Events Coordinator


Mary Anne Feeney

Director of Events


Marvin Eliza Trujillo

Events Coordinator


The Global Observatory

Are Recent Prison Breaks in Nigeria Part of a Southward Expansion by Boko Haram?
Whoever is behind them, these prison breaks signal that Nigeria’s authorities are struggling to maintain the rule of law, not just in the far northeast, but also in the Middle Belt and the southwest.

Key Global Events to Watch in December
A list of key upcoming meetings and events with implications for global affairs.

2014 Top 10 Issues to Watch in Peace & Security: The Global Arena
A list of ten key issues to watch that are likely to impact international peace and security in 2014, compiled by IPI's Francesco Mancini.

The Global Observatory, produced by IPI, provides timely analysis on peace and security issues, interviews with leading policymakers, interactive maps, and more.