Panel Discussions - Monday, October 25, 2010
Africa’s Borders Need New Arrangements, Says Dr. Adebajo
At the Conference of Berlin in 1885, major European states divided Africa into their colonial possessions. At an IPI event launching his new book, The Curse of Berlin: Africa After the Cold War, author Dr. Adekeye Adebajo said the decision to freeze the shifting borders in 1960 may have been “wise in a sovereignty-obsessed era of insecure, unconsolidated nation states,” but, as he writes in the book, “these decisions have had long-term consequences, ultimately mobilizing earlier generations of African leaders to promote African independence and to seek control over their destiny in a more equitable global structure.”
"Africans must now, fifty years later, muster the ingenuity to craft new arrangements that better reflect their own current realities,” said Dr. Adebajo, who is Executive Director of the Centre for Conflict Resolution, Cape Town and former director of the Africa Program at IPI when it was known as the International Peace Academy (IPA). “Federations and regional trade blocks must be negotiated, and territorial boundaries agreed, in the long term, that reflect the political, socio-economic and cultural realities of a vast continent and help to avoid future conflicts."
Also speaking at the October 25th event was Professor Ali A. Mazrui, the distinguished scholar of post-independence Africa to whom Dr. Adebajo dedicates this book.
The event was moderated by Adonia Ayebare, Director of IPI’s Africa program.
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December 02, 2013
Latin America Focus of Fourth ''Being a Peacekeeper'' Event
On December 2-3, IPI brought together 24 representatives from eleven Latin American countries with senior officials from the UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations and the Department of Field Support to discuss the current state—as well as the future—of Latin American military and police contributions to UN peacekeeping operations.
November 28, 2013
Energy and Security in the Arctic: A New “Frozen” Conflict?
Is the Arctic a “region of cooperation,” or will competition for its potentially rich energy resources lead to conflict in the high north? This was the main question addressed during an expert workshop held in The Hague on November 28th by the International Peace Institute together with the International Gas Union and the Clingendael International Energy Programme.
November 22, 2013
Can Technology Play a Role in Drafting a Constitution?
The effects that new technologies can have on constitutional processes was the topic of this November 22nd IPI roundtable discussion. Approximately five new constitutions are written around the world every year, and their legitimacy is increasingly influenced by a new level of public participation in their drafting, not merely by a plebiscite on the final text. As rapidly advancing technology changes the way that governments and citizens interact, what role are new technologies playing in constitutions?