Panel Discussions - Monday, February 07, 2011
Ambassador Bamba: Côte d'Ivoire Crisis "Real Test of Democracy"
The crisis in Côte d'Ivoire is a "real test of democracy," said Ambassador Youssoufou Bamba of Côte d'Ivoire, addressing a standing-room-only audience at IPI.
Speaking at the Feb. 7th inaugural event in IPI's African Election Series, Ambassador Bamba said, "This election has been the most free, most transparent, the most inclusive, the most democratic we have ever had in Côte d'Ivoire." He said the people of Côte d'Ivoire have worked, sacrificed, and suffered for ten years to reach this point.
Côte d'Ivoire’s former President Laurent Gbagbo's refusal to cede the presidency to the election’s winner, Alassane Ouattara, has led to postelection violence that has killed 270 people.
Mr. Ouattara has had to barricade himself in a hotel in Abidjan under the protection of UN peacekeeping troops while Mr. Gbagbo, a former university professor whose presidential term actually ended in 2005, has rebuffed entreaties from three neighboring ECOWAS heads of state and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon that he step aside.
The African Union, the European Union, the US and the UN have all called for Mr. Gbagbo to step down, saying they believe the November 2010 national election was free and fair.
"I will assure you, the day Mr. Gbagbo will leave office, there will be celebration from Mauritius to Angola," Ambassador Bamba said.
"Unless democracy takes root, never, ever will we have a sound, real economic development," he said.
Ambassador Bamba was joined by panelists William Fitzgerald, US Deputy Assistant Secretary of State, Bureau of African Affairs; James Jonah, former UN Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs; and Atul Khare, UN Assistant Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations.
Mr. Fitzgerald, speaking on behalf of the Obama administration, said, "There is no way that the United States could accept Laurent Gbagbo's craven and ambitious attempts to remain in power."
"It's important to allow the Ivoirian people to get what they've been yearning for, for ten years, which is a democratically-elected government," he said.
James Jonah, who is currently a Senior Fellow at the Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies, said, “What Gbagbo people would like is a power-sharing in the Côte d'Ivoire where he will remain as president. And that to me is not democracy.”
"There is no guarantee that elections produce good leaders," Mr. Jonah said. “The only good thing about elections is you have another round, and kick the last guys out."
In response to a question about democracy, Mr. Khare said that elections don't determine who has power, but whose "shoulders are overburdened and slouched with the responsibilities which he or she carries" on behalf of the people "to remove poverty, to remove misery." He noted that the basic ideology behind elected positions is "responsibilities and service for the people."
Mr. Khare added that if some elected officials understood this responsibility, they would want to give up their positions "at the first opportunity."
The event, titled "Côte d'Ivoire: A Test for the United Nations and the International Community," was moderated by Dr. Edward C. Luck, IPI Senior Vice President for Research and Programs.
The Global Observatory
Are Recent Prison Breaks in Nigeria Part of a Southward Expansion by Boko Haram?
Whoever is behind them, these prison breaks signal that Nigeria’s authorities are struggling to maintain the rule of law, not just in the far northeast, but also in the Middle Belt and the southwest.
Key Global Events to Watch in December
A list of key upcoming meetings and events with implications for global affairs.
2014 Top 10 Issues to Watch in Peace & Security: The Global Arena
A list of ten key issues to watch that are likely to impact international peace and security in 2014, compiled by IPI's Francesco Mancini.
The Global Observatory, produced by IPI, provides timely analysis on peace and security issues, interviews with leading policymakers, interactive maps, and more.
December 09, 2014
Small States in a Multilateral World
Despite their size and limited resources, small states have an important and crucial role to play in the multilateral system and can leverage their power through cooperation.
December 02, 2014
Protecting Civilians in Armed Conflict: From Concept to Norm
Five years after the adoption of Security Council Resolution 1894, the concept of Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict (PoC) has become a widely accepted norm at the UN, featuring more and more in Council mandates and becoming a cornerstone of UN missions on the ground.
November 27, 2014
Dialogue on Multilateralism Continues in Geneva
The Geneva launch of the Independent Commission on Multilateralism (ICM) took place on November 27th in the Palais de Nations, the UN headquarters in Geneva which used to be the seat of the League of Nations.
December 15, 2014
Video: Nazila Fathi on the Struggle for Modern Iran
December 12, 2014
Video: Effective Governance in Challenging Environments
September 25, 2014
IPI Remembers Margaret Vogt