Panel Discussions - Wednesday, November 07, 2012
UN Human Rights Work on the Ground
Roger Nash spent two years in 11 countries gathering over 400 interviews for a book-length report that examines the work and influence of the UN’s Human Rights presence on the ground. He presented his report at an IPI event entitled “Making Human Rights Real” on November 7, 2012.
“The work that happens in the field is not very well understood. There’s still a stereotype of human rights as something that’s inherently controversial,” said Mr. Nash. “It’s not about people in the field simply gathering data and sending that to headquarters and broadcasting that information… these elements are threads of a much greater span of activity.”
While the UN’s public voice may have direct influence in discouraging human rights abuses, it also has a “multiplied influence,” explained Mr. Nash. It allows other actors, including civil society and government officials to safely speak out. “If the UN says something, suddenly the civil society activists can say the same thing, and it’s not as dangerous,” he said.
However, the UN’s best human rights work, argued Mr. Nash, was based on “objective intake,” on setting goals and using tools to achieve those goals.
Mr. Nash gave the example of a mobile court system in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, in which UN helicopters brought judges and lawyers to try cases in remote areas. “This has an enormous effect in terms of demonstrating to those people that there actually is accountability for breaches of human rights,“ he said.
Panelist Maarit Kohonen Sheriff, Deputy Head of the New York Office of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) gave another example of mobile justice, in northeastern Uganda, where a UN field office regularly transported a local judge to a remote prison because he didn’t have a car. The judge held open court sessions every week for a year, and ultimately reduced the prison population by 30 percent.
Ms. Kohonen explained that these field offices turn OHCHR’s work in Geneva into a reality. “It’s not about field versus headquarters or anything,” she said. “It’s about how to combine the two to make a difference.”
The event in New York at which Mr. Nash spoke was co-hosted by the Permanent Mission of Sweden to the UN and the Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights (OHCHR). Frank Belfrage, the State Secretary for Foreign Affairs in Sweden, and Ivan Šimonović, the UN Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights, gave welcoming remarks.
Mr. Šimonović shared two stories from his experience in human rights work. One was from a young police general in the Democratic Republic of the Congo who hoped that his police staff would be cheered and greeted on the street, and not feared and hated. The other was from an Iraqi official: “He was very frank, he was very old… he said, ‘Listen, I was raised in a different spirit… I cannot understand this concept of human rights, but I understand enough that I want it for my grandchildren.'”
Also speaking were Jane Chigiyal, Permanent Representative of Micronesia to the United Nations, and Nester Osorio, Permanent Representative of Colombia to the United Nations, who presented on the human rights situation in their respective countries.
Ms. Chigiyal, whose country’s population of 102,000 is dispersed across an array of islands, emphasized the need to mainstream human rights concepts into Micronesia’s national agenda and legislation. “We need to have people who are versed in human rights and its processes,” she said.
Mr. Osorio applauded the 35-year partnership between OHCHR and Colombia, who worked together to address extrajudicial executions, the rights of indigenous people, transitional justice, and the rights of the child.
Christian Salazar-Volkmann, Director of UNICEF’s Programme Division, applauded Colombia’s progress in human rights, and identified OHCHR’s presence as a trigger for national action. Between 2004 and 2008, he said, the Colombian military killed over 3,000 civilians, dressing many of them up as guerillas to present them as killed in combat; that number has been reduced massively since 2009. “An environment is created through these alliances for change to happen,” he said.
The event was moderated by Warren Hoge, IPI Senior Adviser for External Relations.
Watch event video:
The Global Observatory
Caught in the Middle: Civilian Protection in South Sudan
Absent an active effort by the South Sudanese government, the UN Mission will need to adopt a holistic approach to civilian protection.
Key Global Events to Watch in October
A list of key upcoming meetings and events with implications for global affairs.
2014 Top 10 Issues to Watch in Peace & Security: The Global Arena
A list of ten key issues to watch that are likely to impact international peace and security in 2014, compiled by IPI's Francesco Mancini.
The Global Observatory, produced by IPI, provides timely analysis on peace and security issues, interviews with leading policymakers, interactive maps, and more.
October 09, 2014
Rethinking Women and Forced Migration
The drastic increase in conflicts around the globe has seen the world’s displaced population pass 55 million people, and the fact that 80% of them are women and children is prompting many to rethink how the international community is responding.
October 09, 2014
Africa: China’s Second Continent
Speaking at an IPI Distinguished Author Series event on October 9th, author Howard French made a case for how Western underestimation of Africa’s economic promise has enabled China to establish an economic and human presence on the continent, leading to the permanent migration there of nearly 2 million Chinese.
September 30, 2014
Vike-Freiberga: Rethinking the United Nations
In a speech delivered at IPI on September 30th, Dr. Vaira Vike-Freiberga gave a sobering historical analysis of the gains and setbacks made by the international system over the past century and, focusing on the UN, she called for a rethinking of the organization’s structure and approach to peace.
September 25, 2014
IPI Remembers Margaret Vogt