Panel Discussions - Thursday, November 29, 2012
Learning Lessons About Peacebuilding
Strategic coordination and flexible funding of security-sector reform (SSR); disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR); and administrative and social services can help prevent relapses into armed conflict. This was the main conclusion of a roundtable discussion held at IPI and co-organized with the UN Peacebuilding Support Office on November 29, 2012. Independent experts presented three thematic reviews of interventions across the UN Peacebuilding Fund’s (PBF) global portfolio. Partners and stakeholders focused on the cases of Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone.
During the roundtable, participants highlighted a number of lessons for peacebuilding interventions:
1. The Peacebuilding Fund should play a role in setting strategic, holistic frameworks. Policy documents that linked resources to needs and set benchmarks for meeting objectives contributed to achieving peacebuilding goals. Guinea’s biometric census of the armed forces, for example, gathered data essential for improved management of the armed forces. Similarly, SSR funding for “hardware” infrastructure projects was successful when coupled with “software” investments in training, oversight, community outreach, communication, and human rights. In addition, integrating national dialogues with security-sector reform contributed to reconciliation. Such dialogues allowed women’s voices to be heard while enabling planners to design well-informed interventions.
2. Social and administrative services can provide tangible peace dividends by bridging humanitarian and development efforts. In Sierra Leone, access to free education and mental health services helped restore a sense of normalcy for those suffering from the effects of war. In Liberia, reformation of the national education curriculum reoriented a post-war culture of violence toward peace. Provision of services can help address inequities that fuel grievances, demonstrate responsiveness, and build state legitimacy.
3. By offering flexible funding, the Peacebuilding Fund can address short-term DDR and SSR needs while helping to tackle long-term challenges. The PBF offers advantages as a fund through its Immediate Response Facility, which can respond quickly to unexpected developments. As short-term DDR and SSR needs are addressed, the Peacebuilding and Recovery Facility can begin to address longer-term issues and local actors can focus on more complex problems, as demonstrated by the security sector’s present work on maritime regulation in Sierra Leone.
4. Peacebuilding Fund interventions in the security sector should contribute to a local peacebuilding architecture that is sensitive to local context. Ambitious SSR initiatives can fail if planners have a limited understanding of the fractured security sectors they are trying to reform. Interventions should be modest and offer technical knowledge while taking local history and context into account
The Global Observatory
Beyond the Violence in the Central African Republic, A Pact for Peace?
A “republican pact” signed by the leaders in CAR in early November could be an additional tool for promoting a nonviolent way forward for the fractured nation.
Key Global Events to Watch in December
A list of key upcoming meetings and events with implications for global affairs.
Top 10 Issues to Watch in 2013: The Multilateral Arena
Ten key issues that are likely to impact global affairs in international peace, security, and development.
The Global Observatory, produced by IPI, provides timely analysis on peace and security issues, interviews with leading policymakers, interactive maps, and more.
December 02, 2013
Latin America Focus of Fourth ''Being a Peacekeeper'' Event
On December 2-3, IPI brought together 24 representatives from eleven Latin American countries with senior officials from the UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations and the Department of Field Support to discuss the current state—as well as the future—of Latin American military and police contributions to UN peacekeeping operations.
November 28, 2013
Energy and Security in the Arctic: A New “Frozen” Conflict?
Is the Arctic a “region of cooperation,” or will competition for its potentially rich energy resources lead to conflict in the high north? This was the main question addressed during an expert workshop held in The Hague on November 28th by the International Peace Institute together with the International Gas Union and the Clingendael International Energy Programme.
November 26, 2013
Addressing the Crisis in Central African Republic
How to prevent catastrophe in the Central African Republic (CAR) was the topic of an event at the International Peace Institute on November 26th. Ten months after a military coup brought the current transitional government to power, the Central African Republic is wracked by massive human rights violations, sectarian violence, attacks on civilians, and reprisals by self-defense groups.
December 10, 2013
Video: Human Rights in Peacekeeping
December 09, 2013
Video: Heraldo Muñoz on Benazir Bhutto's Assassination
December 03, 2013
IPI Editor Adam Lupel Quoted on the Politics of Genocide [IRIN News]