Panel Discussions - Thursday, November 29, 2012
Learning Lessons About Peacebuilding
Strategic coordination and flexible funding of security-sector reform (SSR); disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR); and administrative and social services can help prevent relapses into armed conflict. This was the main conclusion of a roundtable discussion held at IPI and co-organized with the UN Peacebuilding Support Office on November 29, 2012. Independent experts presented three thematic reviews of interventions across the UN Peacebuilding Fund’s (PBF) global portfolio. Partners and stakeholders focused on the cases of Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone.
During the roundtable, participants highlighted a number of lessons for peacebuilding interventions:
1. The Peacebuilding Fund should play a role in setting strategic, holistic frameworks. Policy documents that linked resources to needs and set benchmarks for meeting objectives contributed to achieving peacebuilding goals. Guinea’s biometric census of the armed forces, for example, gathered data essential for improved management of the armed forces. Similarly, SSR funding for “hardware” infrastructure projects was successful when coupled with “software” investments in training, oversight, community outreach, communication, and human rights. In addition, integrating national dialogues with security-sector reform contributed to reconciliation. Such dialogues allowed women’s voices to be heard while enabling planners to design well-informed interventions.
2. Social and administrative services can provide tangible peace dividends by bridging humanitarian and development efforts. In Sierra Leone, access to free education and mental health services helped restore a sense of normalcy for those suffering from the effects of war. In Liberia, reformation of the national education curriculum reoriented a post-war culture of violence toward peace. Provision of services can help address inequities that fuel grievances, demonstrate responsiveness, and build state legitimacy.
3. By offering flexible funding, the Peacebuilding Fund can address short-term DDR and SSR needs while helping to tackle long-term challenges. The PBF offers advantages as a fund through its Immediate Response Facility, which can respond quickly to unexpected developments. As short-term DDR and SSR needs are addressed, the Peacebuilding and Recovery Facility can begin to address longer-term issues and local actors can focus on more complex problems, as demonstrated by the security sector’s present work on maritime regulation in Sierra Leone.
4. Peacebuilding Fund interventions in the security sector should contribute to a local peacebuilding architecture that is sensitive to local context. Ambitious SSR initiatives can fail if planners have a limited understanding of the fractured security sectors they are trying to reform. Interventions should be modest and offer technical knowledge while taking local history and context into account
The Global Observatory
Can Hong Kong’s Protesters Win Over an Ambivalent Public?
Survey polls show that the attitude of Hong Kong’s population toward the ongoing protests is complex and multifaceted.
Key Global Events to Watch in November
A list of key upcoming meetings and events with implications for global affairs.
2014 Top 10 Issues to Watch in Peace & Security: The Global Arena
A list of ten key issues to watch that are likely to impact international peace and security in 2014, compiled by IPI's Francesco Mancini.
The Global Observatory, produced by IPI, provides timely analysis on peace and security issues, interviews with leading policymakers, interactive maps, and more.
November 05, 2014
Top-Down Governance Hurts Women, Youth Participation
Governments in the Sahel and Maghreb are still using top-down approaches to governance that make it hard for women and youth to have a say in public life, even though their participation can help their governments’ struggle against instability and extremism.
November 03, 2014
Apakan on Ukraine: "To Be Present Is Important"
On November 3rd, IPI’s Vienna office hosted Ambassador Ertugrul Apakan, Chief Monitor of the Special Monitoring Mission (SMM) of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).
November 03, 2014
Enhancing Women's Share in Peace and Security
“We did not want to make war safe for women; we wanted to end war for everyone,” Ambassador Anwarul Chowdhury said, recalling the goal of a new resolution he introduced as president of the Security Council in the year 2000.
September 25, 2014
IPI Remembers Margaret Vogt