Speaker Events - Wednesday, April 11, 2012
A World With No Center of Gravity
Outlining the ideas in his new book, No One’s World, Charles A. Kupchan told an IPI audience on April 11th that, "I don't think that the pendulum is swinging to China or Asia in general or anywhere else. It is swinging everywhere, and therefore nowhere. The 21st century will not be America's; it will not be China's; it will not be India's. We are going towards a world that will, for the first time in history, be globalized and interdependent, but without a global center of gravity.”
Dr. Kupchan argued that with the economic and political malaise affecting the West (North America, Europe, and Japan) in contrast to the optimism and growing global power of other regions, the world is headed for political and ideological diversity, with emerging powers neither deferring to the West’s lead, nor converging towards the Western way.
"What I want to suggest is that this weakening of the fortunes of the West, the strengthening that's taking place elsewhere, is part of what I would call a global turn. A moment in history where the globe's center of gravity is starting to move again," he said, noting this shift has not happened for about 300-400 years.
In the book, the full title of which is No One's World: The West, The Rising Rest, and the Coming Global Turn, Dr. Kupchan says that the ascent of the West was the product of social and economic conditions unique to Europe and the United States. As other regions now rise, they are following their own paths to modernity and embracing their own conceptions of domestic and international order, he said.
These vary from the Chinese middle class embracing their status quo political system, to the pre-eminence of political Islam in participatory politics in the Middle East. "I'm not saying it's bad or scary,” he said. "It's different."
Embracing this shift, in fact, could help create a more prosperous world, he said. "If the West finds within itself the readiness to share power with the emerging world, then I think the 21st century, even though it’s no one’s world, may well be one of the most stable and prosperous centuries in history."
"I think the imperative for foreign policy is to recognize that the world is changing," he said. There are alternative packages of ideas there that we need to contend with, and that we need to compromise with. The biggest mistake we can make is to stick our heads in the sand or assume that everybody wants to look like us," he said.
He concluded, "The greatest step forward would be to sit down with the Chinese, and the Indians, and the Brazilians, and the others, and to say, 'What should the rules of the next road be?'"
Author of eight books and numerous articles on international affairs, Charles Kupchan is currently Professor of International Affairs in the School of Foreign Service and Government Department at Georgetown University and the Whitney H. Shepardson Senior Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations. Previously he has worked as a US government policymaker as well as held postings at Princeton University, Harvard University, Columbia University, the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London, the Centre d’études et de recherches internationales in Paris, and the Institute for International Policy Studies in Tokyo.
The discussion was moderated by Warren Hoge, IPI Senior Adviser for External Relations.
The Global Observatory
Year in Review: Top 10 Peace and Security Reads
The International Peace Institute and its Global Observatory offered research and analysis on a range of topics in peace and security in 2014.
Key Global Events to Watch in December
A list of key upcoming meetings and events with implications for global affairs.
2014 Top 10 Issues to Watch in Peace & Security: The Global Arena
A list of ten key issues to watch that are likely to impact international peace and security in 2014, compiled by IPI's Francesco Mancini.
The Global Observatory, produced by IPI, provides timely analysis on peace and security issues, interviews with leading policymakers, interactive maps, and more.
December 15, 2014
Fathi: Iran and the Struggle Between Hardliners and Reformers
Discussing her new book The Lonely War: One Woman’s Account of the Struggle for Modern Iran at IPI on December 15th, author Nazila Fathi said that 35 years after the revolution, Iran is divided between hardliners and a large moderate middle class, but admitted that it is still unclear which of the two sides will gain the upper hand.
December 12, 2014
Effective Governance Key to Africa’s Rise
Good governance is the key to Africa’s rise, but structural challenges are pulling the continent back, according to a new report launched at a December 12th IPI policy forum entitled “Effective Governance in Challenging Environments.”
December 09, 2014
Small States in a Multilateral World
Despite their size and limited resources, small states have an important and crucial role to play in the multilateral system and can leverage their power through cooperation.
September 25, 2014
IPI Remembers Margaret Vogt