General Announcements - October 08, 2009
AU Commission Head Tells IPI That Guinea Government Actions Are “Unacceptable”
Jean Ping, the African Union Commission chairperson and former President of the UN General Assembly, made his comment about recent events in Guinea Conakry in an interview with Adonia Ayebare, the acting director of IPI’s Africa Program.
The interview took place at the AU mission to the UN in New York, where Mr. Ping was attending the opening of the United Nations General Assembly and preparing to attend the G-20 summit in Pittsburgh.
Additional issues covered in the interview included the meeting between US President Barack Obama and heads of states and governments from Sub-Saharan Africa and Africa’s participation in the G-20 meeting.
Here is a transcript of the conversation:
AYEBARE: What transpired at the meeting between President Obama and African heads of state, which you attended?
PING: The fact that the meeting took place is a sign that big players in the international system like the United States of America take Africa seriously. Almost all the African countries attended the meeting apart from those suspended by us for coups and other related matters like Mauritania, Madagascar and Guinea Conakry. The hosts also had concerns about some countries like Sudan and Zimbabwe and did not invite them.
On the deliberations, three African heads of states gave presentations. President Jakaya Kikwete of Tanzania focused on agriculture; President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf of Liberia on youth and women empowerment; and President Paul Kagame of Rwanda on the investment climate in Africa. Of course, the host, President Obama, made the opening remarks. Other heads of state had an opportunity to respond to the presentations by giving remarks at the end, which got positive responses. All in all, the meeting was excellent, and we need to institutionalize such gatherings. As you know, Africa participates in regular high level meetings with other major players in the international system like China and Japan.
AYEBARE: How did Africa fare in the G-20 meeting in Pittsburgh?
PING: In Pittsburgh, Africa was being admitted for the second time to a G-20 meeting. Unlike London, where the last US administration was clearly against Africa’s full participation, this time we fully participated in the preparations and discussions of the G-20. Africa’s delegation was led by Prime Minister Meles Zenawi of Ethiopia and was accompanied by me and other senior officials of the African Union Commission. The Prime Minister did an excellent job of articulating issues relating to Africa’s vital interests.
As you already know, the world has been hit by a financial crisis which has affected many parts of the world, including Africa. But the difference is that other countries -- including the United States, China and others -- have extra resources to bail their people and nations out of this mess.
But it is not yet clear who will bail out Africa, which, by the way, never caused this crisis. This issue was fully discussed at the G-20 meeting, and a couple of possible solutions were tabled. These included passing on special drawing rights that are not used by the developed countries to Africa, which some developed countries are considering doing. Capitalization of the African Development Bank and other issues related to the Bank’s work were fully discussed.
Also discussed was the capitalization of Africa by the International Monetary Fund through regional development banks, which has not been done. The Pittsburgh meeting reaffirmed this commitment. The United States raised the crucial issue of food security in Africa, which to me is a radical departure from the old policy of focusing on food aid only. This will be implemented under a new program called CADEP [Comprehensive Agriculture Development Program], and the AU will participate in this process.
AYEBARE: In the last 48 hours, the military government in Guinea Conakry shot dead over 150 unarmed demonstrators in the capital. What is the AU's position on this matter?
PING: Before meeting you for this discussion, I was just meeting the Guinea Foreign Minister and his Ambassador at the UN, and I told them this is unacceptable and told them to make sure that it is not repeated. I said a lot of things to them that I cannot repeat in the open and the AU has issued a statement, which condemns this heinous act. We are closely following the developments in that country and we shall take appropriate measures should the need arise.
The Global Observatory
Are Recent Prison Breaks in Nigeria Part of a Southward Expansion by Boko Haram?
Whoever is behind them, these prison breaks signal that Nigeria’s authorities are struggling to maintain the rule of law, not just in the far northeast, but also in the Middle Belt and the southwest.
Key Global Events to Watch in December
A list of key upcoming meetings and events with implications for global affairs.
2014 Top 10 Issues to Watch in Peace & Security: The Global Arena
A list of ten key issues to watch that are likely to impact international peace and security in 2014, compiled by IPI's Francesco Mancini.
The Global Observatory, produced by IPI, provides timely analysis on peace and security issues, interviews with leading policymakers, interactive maps, and more.
December 09, 2014
Small States in a Multilateral World
Despite their size and limited resources, small states have an important and crucial role to play in the multilateral system and can leverage their power through cooperation.
December 02, 2014
Protecting Civilians in Armed Conflict: From Concept to Norm
Five years after the adoption of Security Council Resolution 1894, the concept of Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict (PoC) has become a widely accepted norm at the UN, featuring more and more in Council mandates and becoming a cornerstone of UN missions on the ground.
November 27, 2014
Dialogue on Multilateralism Continues in Geneva
The Geneva launch of the Independent Commission on Multilateralism (ICM) took place on November 27th in the Palais de Nations, the UN headquarters in Geneva which used to be the seat of the League of Nations.
December 15, 2014
Video: Nazila Fathi on the Struggle for Modern Iran
December 12, 2014
Video: Effective Governance in Challenging Environments
September 25, 2014
IPI Remembers Margaret Vogt