General Announcements - October 16, 2009
Globalization and Sovereignty Subject of New Book by IPI Editor
At the turn of the millennium, the idea of globalization was unavoidable, capturing the sense that the world was on the cusp of a revolutionary moment.
The rapid expansion of the internet promised to make the barriers of distance meaningless, and a bullish consensus among key policy-makers on the merits of free trade and deregulated markets led to declarations that a unified global economy was in the offing—and the world would be all the better for it. On the now classic Cisco Systems ad, starry-eyed children from all over the world asked, “Are you ready?”
Well, it turns out, not everyone was. By the end of 1999 protesters had paralyzed the World Trade Organization meeting in Seattle, sounding an altogether different bell about globalization, one that rang a tone of warning, not celebration. For the protesters, globalization represented gross inequality and the dominance of multinational corporations: unhindered capitalism run amuck. The “Battle of Seattle,” and the capacity of civil society to pressure an international institution like the World Trade Organization, promised to breathe new life into progressive, anti-system movements at a time when many were declaring them dead and defeated at the end of “history,” “ideology,” and “utopia.”
And then the attacks of September 11, 2001, shook everything and everyone, and terrorism became a dominant concern. For a time, debate shifted away from globalization toward discussions of imperial hegemony, as the US and the Bush Administration ramped up its military response to the attacks, from the mountains of Afghanistan, to the sands and cities of Iraq, to Guantánamo Bay and “undisclosed locations” without number. For some, the vision of a world united under a comprehensive form of global governance and economies without borders entailed an only slightly veiled form of neo-imperialism.
Since then, with the extended fight in Iraq, the stubborn conflict in Afghanistan, and a weakening US economy, the debate has shifted further: from globalization through empire to multi-polarity and the emergence of new powers, punctuated by the events of 08-08-08, as a lame duck US president watched the official “arrival” of China and Russia — watching, literally, as a spectator at the opening ceremony of the Beijing Olympics, and figuratively, as a hamstrung bystander, while Russia invaded Georgia, a US ally. At the same time, events have proven just how important globalization remains. An enormous financial crisis with roots in the US housing market rippled across the world in 2008, precipitating an international credit crunch that contributed to a global recession. As a result, Western leaders planned openly for a globally coordinated response.
Meanwhile, the debate over globalization has moved from one between global optimists and global skeptics to one over the character of globalization itself. The political struggle is not between globalists and anti-globalists, but among competing visions of alternative forms of globalization. That is, the key question is no longer, whether or not globalization, but, rather, which globalization?
In pursuing answers to this question, it is clear that globalization presents a fundamental dilemma: Democracy has become more widely accepted than ever, yet, confronted by global challenges, nationally based democratic institutions appear increasingly insufficient. As a result, new transnational structures are emerging, threatening to leave behind the traditional mechanisms of democratic accountability. Do we need to choose between global governance and democratic governance? We must ask, how can the rule of the people be maintained in a transnational age? This is the most basic question that has driven this project from the beginning. And answering this question requires a fundamental rethinking of the categories of democratic theory, starting with the concept of popular sovereignty.
Excerpted from the preface of Globalization and Popular Sovereignty: Democracy’s Transnational Dilemma by Dr. Adam Lupel, IPI Editor.
Read about the book on the Routledge Web site.
Download Dr. Lupel's keynote address on this topic from the recent conference "2009 Global Forum on Modern Direct Democracy" which took place in Seoul, South Korea.
The Global Observatory
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A former member of the South African Parliament reflects on Mandela's warmth and generosity.
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As a young South African diplomat during the apartheid-to-democracy transition, Cedric de Coning witnessed the humility and power of a flawed statesman.
Key Global Events to Watch in December
A list of key upcoming meetings and events with implications for global affairs.
Top 10 Issues to Watch in 2013: The Multilateral Arena
Ten key issues that are likely to impact global affairs in international peace, security, and development.
The Global Observatory, produced by IPI, provides timely analysis on peace and security issues, interviews with leading policymakers, interactive maps, and more.
December 02, 2013
Latin America Focus of Fourth ''Being a Peacekeeper'' Event
On December 2-3, IPI brought together 24 representatives from eleven Latin American countries with senior officials from the UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations and the Department of Field Support to discuss the current state—as well as the future—of Latin American military and police contributions to UN peacekeeping operations.
November 28, 2013
Energy and Security in the Arctic: A New “Frozen” Conflict?
Is the Arctic a “region of cooperation,” or will competition for its potentially rich energy resources lead to conflict in the high north? This was the main question addressed during an expert workshop held in The Hague on November 28th by the International Peace Institute together with the International Gas Union and the Clingendael International Energy Programme.
November 22, 2013
Can Technology Play a Role in Drafting a Constitution?
The effects that new technologies can have on constitutional processes was the topic of this November 22nd IPI roundtable discussion. Approximately five new constitutions are written around the world every year, and their legitimacy is increasingly influenced by a new level of public participation in their drafting, not merely by a plebiscite on the final text. As rapidly advancing technology changes the way that governments and citizens interact, what role are new technologies playing in constitutions?
December 09, 2013
Heraldo Muñoz on Benazir Bhutto's Assassination
December 03, 2013
IPI Editor Adam Lupel Quoted on the Politics of Genocide [IRIN News]
November 26, 2013
Video: Addressing the Crisis in the Central African Republic