Meeting Notes - July 08, 2014
Peacebuilding and Postconflict Recovery: What Works and What Does Not?
Robert Muggah and Christian Altpeter, rapporteurs
More than 600 peace agreements have been concluded since 1990, and nearly 120,000 peacekeepers were deployed in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Interventions based on Chapters VI and VII of the UN Charter have correlated with reductions in violence and conflict, yet our knowledge is still very limited about why, how, and which instruments and tools available to peacebuilders work on the ground. The major challenge for peacebuilding is to find out what works and what does not.
This meeting note addresses this challenge of rebuilding peace in countries and societies emerging from conflict and the role external actors play in supporting these processes. It draws on the fourth International Expert Forum (IEF) held at IPI on May 23, 2013, in collaboration with the Folke Bernadotte Academy, the SecDev Foundation, and the Center for International Peace Operations. Researchers, practitioners, and decision makers at the forum reflected on UN activities over the past two decades and initiatives undertaken independently by governments alongside multilateral, bilateral, and nongovernmental entities. A key question posed by the organizers was whether peacebuilding writ large has contributed empirically to improving safety, security, justice, democratization, and economic recovery and development.
After exploring the track record of peacebuilding to date and the difficulties of defining successful peacebuilding and its end point, the note examines postconflict political and economic transition processes, as well as the rule of law and transitional justice. It offers a number of recommendations for policymakers and researchers:• Clarify what is included in the “universe” of peacebuilding.
• Review internal and external types of peacebuilding, being mindful of foreign versus locally driven peacebuilding processes.
• Recognize varied temporal and spatial scales of impacts and the short-, medium-, and long-term goals of peacebuilding, adjusting expectations accordingly.
• Ensure that metrics are focused on objective and subjective markers of peacebuilding, capturing perceptions, attitudes, and levels of confidence.
• Learn from the general lessons and insights emerging from practice and academia, including the role of inclusive and responsive processes at the national and subnational level; the central role of politics, institutions, and resilience; and the importance of homegrown and locally owned peacebuilding.
The Global Observatory
CWhat Makes a Terrorist Stop Being a Terrorist?
A close look at terrorist de-radicalization programs shows that it is still unclear whether they work, and if so, how.
Key Global Events to Watch in November
A list of key upcoming meetings and events with implications for global affairs.
2014 Top 10 Issues to Watch in Peace & Security: The Global Arena
A list of ten key issues to watch that are likely to impact international peace and security in 2014, compiled by IPI's Francesco Mancini.
The Global Observatory, produced by IPI, provides timely analysis on peace and security issues, interviews with leading policymakers, interactive maps, and more.
November 25, 2014
Independent Commission on Multilateralism Launched in Vienna
The Independent Commission on Multilateralism (ICM) was launched officially in Vienna on November 25th. The event was held at the Austrian Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs and opened by Austrian Foreign Minister Sebastian Kurz.
November 13, 2014
Experts Forum: Assessing Links Between Peacebuilding and Organized Crime
Organized crime and peacebuilding can be seen as separate issues, but recent research and practice suggest the two are deeply linked—conflict is increasingly fueling crime, and crime in turn makes peace harder to achieve.
November 05, 2014
Top-Down Governance Hurts Women, Youth Participation
Governments in the Sahel and Maghreb are still using top-down approaches to governance that make it hard for women and youth to have a say in public life, even though their participation can help their governments’ struggle against instability and extremism.
September 25, 2014
IPI Remembers Margaret Vogt