Meeting Notes - December 31, 2003
Transforming War Economies: Challenges for Peacemaking and Peacebuilding
Heiko Nitzschke, rapporteur
From the Executive Summary: Policy analysis has produced important insights on the impact that the predatory and illicit exploitation of natural resources and the pervasive criminalization of economic life can have on conflict dynamics.
The operational challenges of transforming the war economies sustaining those conflicts, however, is still an underdeveloped area of policy research and practice. The International Peace Academy-sponsored conference at Wilton Park sought to discern as to whether and how the legacies of war economies in conflicts such as those in Afghanistan, Sierra Leone, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) create distinctive challenges for conflict resolution, and to identify strategic priorities for policymakers engaged in peacemaking and peacebuilding.
Challenges for Peacemaking and Peace Implementation: Preliminary analysis suggests that the increasingly self-financing nature of many contemporary conflicts creates a more difficult environment for conflict resolution, peacemaking, and peace implementation. War economies are sustained by regional and global linkages with both licit and illicit actors, each with vested interests in the continuation of conflict and instability. Both rebel or government combatants who benefited from predation during war may act as spoilers, using force to undermine peace processes. The economic opportunities and rewards available through predation may also influence combatants' proclivity to voluntarily disarm and return to a civilian life.
The Global Observatory
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December 02, 2013
Latin America Focus of Fourth ''Being a Peacekeeper'' Event
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November 28, 2013
Energy and Security in the Arctic: A New “Frozen” Conflict?
Is the Arctic a “region of cooperation,” or will competition for its potentially rich energy resources lead to conflict in the high north? This was the main question addressed during an expert workshop held in The Hague on November 28th by the International Peace Institute together with the International Gas Union and the Clingendael International Energy Programme.
November 22, 2013
Can Technology Play a Role in Drafting a Constitution?
The effects that new technologies can have on constitutional processes was the topic of this November 22nd IPI roundtable discussion. Approximately five new constitutions are written around the world every year, and their legitimacy is increasingly influenced by a new level of public participation in their drafting, not merely by a plebiscite on the final text. As rapidly advancing technology changes the way that governments and citizens interact, what role are new technologies playing in constitutions?