Policy Papers - April 14, 2007
Transnational Organized Crime: Multilateral Responses to a Rising Threat
From the Introduction: As the violent forms of authority buttressed by organized crime corrupt and penetrate state, social and international institutions, gaining increasing control over territory, markets and populations, we risk not only a crisis of state and international institutions, but also institutionalizing crisis.
All organized crime (OC) is clandestine, hiding in the dark “shadows,” because OC substitutes might for right, and coercion for capital. Transnational organized crime (TOC) uses the shadowy “sovereign-free” areas of the international system, where state control is weak or ineffective—such as war zones, cyberspace and private bank accounts—to operate. Operating in such zones beyond the reach of state-based crime control, TOC slowly corrupts and undermines state, social and global systems of governance. The growth of TOC undermines social, state and international controls on a range of public ills from political and economic violence to corruption, and from environmental harm to disease.
In this Working Paper, I examine the nature of this growing challenge, and ask what capacity there is to respond to it. First, I present three different conceptions of TOC we find in contemporary theory and practice, and examine the distinct policy implications of each. Second, I sketch the outlines of existing international capacity for responding to TOC, foregrounding multilateral mechanisms. Third, I explore scenarios for possible developments in multilateral responses to TOC.
The Global Observatory
Can Hong Kong’s Protesters Win Over an Ambivalent Public?
Survey polls show that the attitude of Hong Kong’s population toward the ongoing protests is complex and multifaceted.
Key Global Events to Watch in November
A list of key upcoming meetings and events with implications for global affairs.
2014 Top 10 Issues to Watch in Peace & Security: The Global Arena
A list of ten key issues to watch that are likely to impact international peace and security in 2014, compiled by IPI's Francesco Mancini.
The Global Observatory, produced by IPI, provides timely analysis on peace and security issues, interviews with leading policymakers, interactive maps, and more.
November 05, 2014
Top-Down Governance Hurts Women, Youth Participation
Governments in the Sahel and Maghreb are still using top-down approaches to governance that make it hard for women and youth to have a say in public life, even though their participation can help their governments’ struggle against instability and extremism.
November 03, 2014
Apakan on Ukraine: "To Be Present Is Important"
On November 3rd, IPI’s Vienna office hosted Ambassador Ertugrul Apakan, Chief Monitor of the Special Monitoring Mission (SMM) of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).
November 03, 2014
Enhancing Women's Share in Peace and Security
“We did not want to make war safe for women; we wanted to end war for everyone,” Ambassador Anwarul Chowdhury said, recalling the goal of a new resolution he introduced as president of the Security Council in the year 2000.
September 25, 2014
IPI Remembers Margaret Vogt