Policy Papers - May 14, 2004
Program on Economic Agendas in Civil Wars: Principle Research Findings and Policy Recommendations
The Program on Economic Agendas in Civil Wars (EACW) was launched in 2000 in response to a convergence of political factors, academic interests, and policy concerns that pointed to the need for conflict prevention and resolution policies to be informed by a systematic understanding of the economic dimensions of contemporary civil wars.
Preliminary studies undertaken by the International Peace Academy, the World Bank, and university researchers generated many of the broad propositions that guided the program's research and policy development design.
These included assumptions that:
- Economic factors are consequential to warring elites' decisions to pursue war and peace;
- Economic greed and not socioeconomic or political grievance is the chief driver of armed conflict;
- Countries with a relatively high dependence on natural resources are at higher risk of conflict; and
- Global economic flows (trade, aid, and investment) affect the incidence, duration, intensity, and character of armed conflict.
Taken together, this line of inquiry suggested that economic linkages to conflict provide an important if under-explored avenue for policy interventions aimed at preventing and mitigating armed conflict. Consistent with IPI's mandate to promote more effective policies of conflict prevention, resolution, and postconflict reconstruction, the central aims of the Economic Agendas in Civil Wars policy research and development program were three-fold:
- To improve understanding of the political economy of civil wars, through an analysis of the economic strategies of belligerents and their followers.
- To inquire into the impact of economic globalization and the role played by transnational private sector actors in conflict zones.
- To evaluate a range of policy and regulatory responses to curtail conflict-promoting economic activities and perhaps, too, change the incentives of warring factions to reduce the rewards of violence and to increase those of peace. The program also inquired into the means of enhancing the political and economic accountability of actors involved in violent conflicts.
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February 26, 2014
Roméo Dallaire: Neutralize Child Soldiers Without Destroying Them
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February 19, 2014
Gary Bass: Forgotten Genocide May Portend Future Stain on UN Inaction
The inability of the United Nations Security Council to halt mass atrocities in East Pakistan some 40 years ago has parallels to current inaction in North Korea, argued Gary Bass, a professor of politics and international affairs at Princeton University, on February 19th.
February 18, 2014
Jok: Near Collapse in South Sudan Is Shocking but Not Surprising
The events that recently brought South Sudan to a near collapse were “extremely shocking, but they were not surprising by any means,” said Jok Madut Jok, Executive Director of The Sudd Institute, at the International Peace Institute on February 18. “It was only a matter of time before the country returned to this kind of situation,” he added.