Policy Papers - November 30, 2011
Environmental Migration: Policy Gaps and Response Strategies
By 2050, 25 million to 1 billion people are expected to be migrating due to environmental factors. Though examining linkages between environmental conditions and migration have been on the international agenda at least since 1992, only in recent years have they become better understood. It is clear today that the environment and environmental change impact migration. They do this by influencing the socioeconomic, political, and cultural drivers that lead people to move.
This issue brief by Chris Perry, following up on a policy forum hosted by the International Peace Institute on October 24, 2011, examines the links between climate change and migration and identifies gaps in the current international policy and legal frameworks for dealing with environmentally displaced persons.
Though progress is being made, such as through the African Union’s Kampala Convention, the current international policy and legal framework for dealing with issues surrounding environmentally displaced persons remains severely underdeveloped. The paper thus recommends four broad strategies for coping with these population movements.
First, more research is needed, which should feed into the deliberations of the UN and regional organizations. Second, migration issues should be better coordinated at the global level; currently, the issue is spread across a number of international bodies. Third, the international community should supply funding and technical assistance to at-risk countries with limited response capacity. Finally, there is a pressing need to move more quickly towards a comprehensive normative and legal framework to deal with environmental migration.
Read more about the event >>
The Global Observatory
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November 28, 2013
Energy and Security in the Arctic: A New “Frozen” Conflict?
Is the Arctic a “region of cooperation,” or will competition for its potentially rich energy resources lead to conflict in the high north? This was the main question addressed during an expert workshop held in The Hague on November 28th by the International Peace Institute together with the International Gas Union and the Clingendael International Energy Programme.
November 22, 2013
Can Technology Play a Role in Drafting a Constitution?
The effects that new technologies can have on constitutional processes was the topic of this November 22nd IPI roundtable discussion. Approximately five new constitutions are written around the world every year, and their legitimacy is increasingly influenced by a new level of public participation in their drafting, not merely by a plebiscite on the final text. As rapidly advancing technology changes the way that governments and citizens interact, what role are new technologies playing in constitutions?
November 19, 2013
Haqqani: Pakistanis Need Honest Debate About Their Country
"We Pakistanis need an honest debate inside our country about what is Pakistan's national interest. We never have it,” said Hussain Haqqani, a former Pakistani diplomat and journalist, who was at IPI on November 19th to give a presentation on his latest book, Magnificent Delusions: Pakistan, the United States, and an Epic History of Misunderstanding.