Policy Papers - April 19, 2012
Aid Effectiveness in Fragile States: Lessons from the First Generation of Transition Compacts
The policy report draws lessons-learned for the UN and others from the first generation of transition compacts in support of postconflict peacebuilding, focusing on case studies from Afghanistan, the DRC, Iraq, Liberia, and Timor-Leste.
It finds that transition compacts can be effective but their effectiveness has been mixed. In order to improve their effectiveness the report makes the following recommendations among others:
• Compacts should be considered only when a peace accord is agreed upon and where basic security is in place.
• Civil society should be given the opportunity to participate in both compact creation and implementation.
• Compact commitments should be specific, balanced, and focused on short timelines.
• Compacts should reinforce and coordinate with ongoing international and national processes.
• Compacts should include specific mechanisms for implementation, oversight, and enforcement, with host governments in the lead.
The report also recommends that the UN among other things should:
• continue to support transition compacts and should continue to work with the OECD-DAC INCAF to support the provisions in its guidance on transition financing;
• improve its technical support for compact development, implementation, and capacity building;
• improve mechanisms for ensuring the timeliness and flexibility of transition support by donors, including through global and country-level pooled funds; and
• work with host governments to strengthen capacity building and work with donors and IFIs to improve donor coordination.
The report is the result of a collaborative effort between IPI and the UN, with substantive input from the OECD-DAC Secretariat of the International Network on Conflict and Fragility (INCAF).
A seminar called "Transition Compacts: Lessons from UN Experiences" was hosted by IPI in November 2011, and the resulting meeting note can be found here.
The Global Observatory
With Heartland Threatened, Lebanon’s Shiites See Hezbollah as “Protector of the Community”: Q&A with Sahar Atrache
Despite its heavy involvement in the Syrian war, the Lebanese militant group Hezbollah still retains strong support among Lebanon's Shiites, says Sahar Atrache of the ICG.
Key Global Events to Watch in July
A list of key upcoming meetings and events with implications for global affairs.
2014 Top 10 Issues to Watch in Peace & Security: The Global Arena
A list of ten key issues to watch that are likely to impact international peace and security in 2014, compiled by IPI's Francesco Mancini.
The Global Observatory, produced by IPI, provides timely analysis on peace and security issues, interviews with leading policymakers, interactive maps, and more.
July 17, 2014
EU and UN Seek Ways to Improve Cooperation in Peacekeeping
The European Union is among the strongest supporters of UN peacekeeping missions around the globe, but the growing challenges faced by UN-led operations have raised the need for better EU-UN cooperation, both on the ground and at the planning level.
July 01, 2014
SRSG Johnson: South Sudan Crisis Changed UNMISS “Mindset”
Hilde Johnson, the outgoing Head of the UN Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS), gave an overflow IPI audience a dramatic account of the challenging situation that has faced the United Nations in the country since the eruption of mass violence at the end of last year.
June 25, 2014
Mousavian: Iran and US Have Serious Chance for Rapprochement
From Iraq to Syria, from energy to counterterrorism, Iran and the United States share many common interests across the Middle East and ought to put aside their decades of hostility, said author and former Iranian diplomat Seyed Hossein Mousavian.