“We see the promotion of human rights and development not as separate goals but as mutually enforcing objectives,” said Ine Eriksen Søreide, the Norwegian Foreign Minister, introducing the 12th annual Trygve Lie Symposium, co-sponsored by IPI and the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and focused this year on Human Rights and the 2030 Agenda for […]Read more
Humanitarian Affairs and Human Rights
Making Sanctions Smarter: Safeguarding Humanitarian Action
There have been ongoing efforts to ensure that UN sanctions are more targeted and do not affect the livelihoods of the general population. Yet in some instances, UN sanctions along with national sanctions regimes have unintentionally impeded principled humanitarian action. The impact of sanctions on impartial humanitarian aid is often indirect and diffuse, reverberating across the humanitarian supply chain and involving numerous stakeholders, including member states, humanitarian organizations, financial institutions, and donors. De-risking by the private sector, restrictive clauses in donor agreements, and chilling effects on humanitarian workers are some of the challenges having an impact on principled humanitarian action.
Building on IPI’s 2019 report on sanctions and humanitarian action, IPI will develop concrete measures to proactively and preventively limit the impact of UN sanction regimes on principled humanitarian action. IPI will examine a set of sanction regimes and address the systemic issues they pose for principled humanitarian action. A series of four roundtables (virtual or in-person) will gather key stakeholders and technical experts to review the impacts of these sanctions regimes on the delivery of humanitarian assistance. These roundtables will foster engagement between humanitarian and sanctions stakeholders, contributing to a shared understanding of the challenges faced by the humanitarian sector in effectively delivering humanitarian aid under sanctioned regimes. The roundtables will analyze the dynamics at play and identify specific and actionable solutions. This series of roundtables, complemented by research, will foster the development of a range of general and regime-specific options for the UN Security Council to consider. The research and recommendations will be reflected in a policy paper.
Peace and Health in Pakistan and Afghanistan
In 2021, IPI will continue its strategic partnership with the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) on issues related to peace and health. This includes research on the security situation in polio-affected regions of Pakistan and Afghanistan to reduce risks and increase the effectiveness of the campaign to eradicate polio. IPI will also advise BMGF more broadly on issues related to peace and development in Pakistan.
Policy and Programming on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity at the UN
In September 2015, twelve UN entities issued a joint statement calling for an end to violence and discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) people. This came after more than twenty years of efforts by civil society organizations and UN member states to put issues related to sexual orientation, gender identity and expression, and sex characteristics (SOGIESC) on the agenda at the UN. But what are these UN entities actually doing, and when and how did they start doing it?
In 2020, IPI set out to answer these questions through research on UN policy and programming on SOGIESC—the first in-depth, system-wide mapping of the work of UN agencies, funds, and programs on this topic. Contingent on funding, in 2021, IPI will continue engaging with the UN’s LGBTI focal points and other relevant staff, representatives of member states from the LGBTI Core Group, and LGBTI activists to share the findings of this research and consult on next steps. A second phase of the project will focus on one or more of the following topics:
- UN programming on SOGIESC at the regional or country level (e.g., in Latin America, Southeast Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, or Eastern Europe);
- The intersection between SOGIESC and gender at the UN, including the extent to which UN gender experts, trainings, reports, and policies look beyond the gender binary; and
- UN internal policies and practices on the inclusion of LGBTI people.
News, Events, Publications
In response to the threat of violent extremism, the UN has adopted a comprehensive approach that involves both aligning ongoing interventions with the goals of preventing violent extremism (PVE) and implementing PVE-specific programming. These initiatives aspire to use human rights-based approaches as opposed to hard-security counterterrorism responses. To date, however, there has been inadequate research […]Read more
The G5 Sahel Joint Force was launched in 2017 by Niger, Burkina Faso, Mauritania, Chad, and Mali to unite their efforts to address common security threats in the region. In a resolution authorizing the Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) to provide operational and logistical support to the force, the United Nations Security Council […]Read more
How can we build on the achievements of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)? This was the topic of this January 29th forum entitled “The UDHR: A Legacy Continued for Development and Human Rights Protection.” The event marked the 70th Anniversary of the Declaration, which was December 2018.The forum was held at the Royal University of […]Read more
“We are witnessing widespread efforts to silence and delegitimize, specifically targeted at women human rights defenders,” Michelle Bachelet, the new United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, told a September 27th forum at IPI on human rights defenders.In one of her first public appearances since becoming High Commissioner three weeks earlier, Ms. Bachelet, the former […]Read more
Human rights violations and lack of accountability for such violations are often drivers of conflict. Monitoring human rights, therefore, could provide early warning of and help prevent destabilization of societies. Secretary-General António Guterres alluded to this in his April 2017 address to the Security Council, where he observed that “upholding human rights is a crucial […]Read more
An IPI forum took up the question of whether the International Human Rights system was something imposed on the Global South by the Global North, or if it had its origins in the South.The varying opinions regarding the geographical home of human rights, as well as, the “lack of trust and unity between the different […]Read more
On Tuesday, June 14th, the Independent Commission on Multilateralism (ICM) hosted its final Public Consultation on the Discussion Paper, “Justice, Human Rights, and the International Legal System.”The past three decades have seen significant developments with respect to international criminal justice, including for serious and widespread violations of human rights. The Security Council has played a […]Read more
Discussing her new book The Lonely War: One Woman’s Account of the Struggle for Modern Iran at IPI on December 15th, author Nazila Fathi said that 35 years after the revolution, Iran is divided between hardliners and a large moderate middle class, but admitted that it is still unclear which of the two sides will […]Read more
“The prevention of grave human rights violations must be an immediate and urgent priority for the international community,” said Norwegian Foreign Minister Børge Brende at IPI on September 26th. “Governments have the primary responsibility to promote and protect human rights.”Mr. Brende spoke at the Seventh Annual Trygve Lie Symposium organized jointly by IPI and the […]Read more