Policy Papers - March 29, 2013
Regionalism and Regionalization in the Middle East: Options and Challenges
Matteo Legrenzi and Marina Calculli
Today’s changing political environment, fostered by the 2011 uprisings, provides unprecedented opportunities for opening new dimensions of regional cooperation in the Middle East. The disruptive demand for democracy, social justice, unemployment reduction, and job creation is likely to exert greater pressure on the new political actors to explore new ways to foster economic growth. This could provide unprecedented incentives for improving regional cooperation.
This issue brief describes the current initiatives for regionalism in the Middle East from the Arab League to the Gulf Cooperation Council and the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership, among others, and it analyzes the various political, economic, and security-based challenges they face.
It concludes that a lack of political coordination among the Arab states, the predominance of rentier economies in the region, and the lack of economic complementarity have all severely hindered regional integration in the Middle East. But it cautiously points to some tentative positive signals coming out of the post-Arab Spring context, with some hope that the need for job creation and higher productivity in the Middle East could lead to greater regional cooperation in the future.
The paper was drafted by Matteo Legrenzi, associate professor of international relations at Ca' Foscari University of Venice, and Marina Calculli, post-doctoral research fellow at Ca’ Foscari University of Venice and research fellow at American University of Cairo Forum.
The Global Observatory
History Points to Rough Road Ahead for Ukraine Peace Deal
Previous deals can help shed light on the future of Minsk II.
Key Global Events to Watch in February
A list of key upcoming meetings and events with implications for global affairs.
2015: Ten Multilateral Events to Watch This Year
A list of ten events that are likely to impact international peace and security in 2015, compiled by IPI’s Francesco Mancini.
The Global Observatory, produced by IPI, provides timely analysis on peace and security issues, interviews with leading policymakers, interactive maps, and more.
February 24, 2015
“Peace can and should be quantified,“ said Steve Killelea, Founder and Executive Chairman of the Institute for Economics and Peace while speaking at IPI’s Vienna office on January 24. Mr. Killelea stressed the need for focusing on positive peace rather than just the absence of conflict (negative peace), and outlined ways of defining and measuring peacefulness.
February 17, 2015
ICM Briefs UN Delegates from Eastern Europe, Western Europe, and Others
ICM Chair Kevin Rudd and Secretary-General Hardeep Puri briefed delegates from the Eastern European and Western European and Others groups on February 17th and 19th, respectively.
February 13, 2015
Slovak FM Lajčák: Ability to Listen Is Key to Effective Multilateralism
Sharing his views on topics ranging from the crisis in Ukraine and the role of women in peace processes to the changing role of the UN, Foreign Minister Miroslav Lajčák of Slovakia said the key ingredient to a successful multilateralism is “the ability to listen to each other, the kind of listening when you understand even if you might disagree."
February 20, 2015
Ambassador Hardeep Singh Puri Appointed IPI Vice President
September 25, 2014
IPI Remembers Margaret Vogt