Policy Papers - March 29, 2013
Regionalism and Regionalization in the Middle East: Options and Challenges
Matteo Legrenzi and Marina Calculli
Today’s changing political environment, fostered by the 2011 uprisings, provides unprecedented opportunities for opening new dimensions of regional cooperation in the Middle East. The disruptive demand for democracy, social justice, unemployment reduction, and job creation is likely to exert greater pressure on the new political actors to explore new ways to foster economic growth. This could provide unprecedented incentives for improving regional cooperation.
This issue brief describes the current initiatives for regionalism in the Middle East from the Arab League to the Gulf Cooperation Council and the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership, among others, and it analyzes the various political, economic, and security-based challenges they face.
It concludes that a lack of political coordination among the Arab states, the predominance of rentier economies in the region, and the lack of economic complementarity have all severely hindered regional integration in the Middle East. But it cautiously points to some tentative positive signals coming out of the post-Arab Spring context, with some hope that the need for job creation and higher productivity in the Middle East could lead to greater regional cooperation in the future.
The paper was drafted by Matteo Legrenzi, associate professor of international relations at Ca' Foscari University of Venice, and Marina Calculli, post-doctoral research fellow at Ca’ Foscari University of Venice and research fellow at American University of Cairo Forum.
The Global Observatory
Are Recent Prison Breaks in Nigeria Part of a Southward Expansion by Boko Haram?
Whoever is behind them, these prison breaks signal that Nigeria’s authorities are struggling to maintain the rule of law, not just in the far northeast, but also in the Middle Belt and the southwest.
Key Global Events to Watch in December
A list of key upcoming meetings and events with implications for global affairs.
2014 Top 10 Issues to Watch in Peace & Security: The Global Arena
A list of ten key issues to watch that are likely to impact international peace and security in 2014, compiled by IPI's Francesco Mancini.
The Global Observatory, produced by IPI, provides timely analysis on peace and security issues, interviews with leading policymakers, interactive maps, and more.
December 09, 2014
Small States in a Multilateral World
Despite their size and limited resources, small states have an important and crucial role to play in the multilateral system and can leverage their power through cooperation.
December 02, 2014
Protecting Civilians in Armed Conflict: From Concept to Norm
Five years after the adoption of Security Council Resolution 1894, the concept of Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict (PoC) has become a widely accepted norm at the UN, featuring more and more in Council mandates and becoming a cornerstone of UN missions on the ground.
November 27, 2014
Dialogue on Multilateralism Continues in Geneva
The Geneva launch of the Independent Commission on Multilateralism (ICM) took place on November 27th in the Palais de Nations, the UN headquarters in Geneva which used to be the seat of the League of Nations.
December 15, 2014
Video: Nazila Fathi on the Struggle for Modern Iran
December 12, 2014
Video: Effective Governance in Challenging Environments
September 25, 2014
IPI Remembers Margaret Vogt