Policy Papers - May 06, 2014
The Political Economy of UN Peacekeeping: Incentivizing Effective Participation
Katharina P. Coleman
A surge in South Sudan and a new operation in the Central African Republic will bring UN peacekeeping deployments—and the UN peacekeeping budget—to unprecedented levels. How does the UN finance its peacekeeping missions? And how can it use that financing system in a better way to get the personnel and equipment it needs for all of its missions?
This report explores how UN financing mechanisms could incentivize timely state contributions of highly effective peacekeeping units willing to make full use of their capabilities. After reviewing the budget system and the disbursements made from it, the study identifies weaknesses in the financial incentive structure for troop- and police-contributing countries—from the way personnel and equipment costs are reimbursed to the structural obstacles preventing the UN from fully leveraging its resources to incentivize timely and effective contributions from states.
The report makes six recommendations for improving the incentive structure that UN peacekeeping financing mechanisms create for troop- and police-contributing countries:
1. Complete the current process for revising the uniformed personnel cost reimbursement rate.
2. Introduce a readiness premium.
3. Address financial disincentives to using major equipment items.
4. Modestly harness procurement expenditure to build support for participation in peacekeeping.
5. Implement a pilot project on unit-based reimbursement.
6. Recognize opportunities to alleviate the politicization of peacekeeping financing debates.
The Global Observatory
Is a Ceasefire in the Gaza Strip Feasible?
The ceasefire proposed by UNSG Ban Ki-moon and US Secretary of State John Kerry to put an end to the violence in Gaza may be the best offer on the table, although important lessons from the past need to be heeded.
Key Global Events to Watch in July
A list of key upcoming meetings and events with implications for global affairs.
2014 Top 10 Issues to Watch in Peace & Security: The Global Arena
A list of ten key issues to watch that are likely to impact international peace and security in 2014, compiled by IPI's Francesco Mancini.
The Global Observatory, produced by IPI, provides timely analysis on peace and security issues, interviews with leading policymakers, interactive maps, and more.
July 17, 2014
EU and UN Seek Ways to Improve Cooperation in Peacekeeping
The European Union is among the strongest supporters of UN peacekeeping missions around the globe, but the growing challenges faced by UN-led operations have raised the need for better EU-UN cooperation, both on the ground and at the planning level.
July 01, 2014
SRSG Johnson: South Sudan Crisis Changed UNMISS “Mindset”
Hilde Johnson, the outgoing Head of the UN Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS), gave an overflow IPI audience a dramatic account of the challenging situation that has faced the United Nations in the country since the eruption of mass violence at the end of last year.
June 25, 2014
Mousavian: Iran and US Have Serious Chance for Rapprochement
From Iraq to Syria, from energy to counterterrorism, Iran and the United States share many common interests across the Middle East and ought to put aside their decades of hostility, said author and former Iranian diplomat Seyed Hossein Mousavian.