IPI HomeEventsSpeakers EventsKaplan: "Last Phase of Western Dominance in the Indian Ocean"

 

print print  |  share share back back

Speaker Events - Wednesday, February 02, 2011

Kaplan: "Last Phase of Western Dominance in the Indian Ocean"

"What this book is really about is the last phase of Western dominance in the Indian Ocean," author Robert D. Kaplan told an audience at an IPI Beyond the Headlines event featuring his book Monsoon: The Indian Ocean and the Future of American Power.

The book posits the premise that while the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans were the twentieth century venues of significant economic, geopolitical and military developments, in the twenty-first century the central arena will be the Indian Ocean.

"We're seeing a more fluid, organic continuum emerge whereby China affects Iran, and Iran affects India, and natural gas and oil in the Arabian Peninsula affects decisions made in China so that everything flows together," he said.

Around the Indian Ocean there are thirty-seven countries, representing a third of the world's population, and a Greater Indian Ocean map goes from the Red Sea in the Horn of Africa all the way to the South China Sea. "It embraces the entire arc of Islam, from the Sahara Desert to the Indonesian archipelago," he noted.

And thanks to the predictable monsoon wind patterns, he said, travel between the far-flung parts of the Indian Ocean is relatively rapid and completely dependable, establishing trade and geopolitical connections throughout history that will spur the region's growth in the twenty-first century.

"It's in the littorals," he writes, "where global issues such as population growth, climate change, sea level rises, shortages of fresh water and extremist politics–the last of which is affected by all the other factors–acquire a vivid geographical face."

The IPI event took place the evening of February 2nd, and the moderator was IPI's Vice President for External Relations, Warren Hoge.

 Read transcript

To listen to the podcast, click the "play" button:

                        

The Global Observatory

Risk and Robustness: A Conversation with Nassim Nicholas Taleb
A conversation with Nassim Nicholas Taleb about the concepts of risk, resilience, volatility, and their meaning for international relations.

Key Global Events to Watch in September
A list of key upcoming meetings and events with implications for global affairs.

2014 Top 10 Issues to Watch in Peace & Security: The Global Arena
A list of ten key issues to watch that are likely to impact international peace and security in 2014, compiled by IPI's Francesco Mancini.

The Global Observatory, produced by IPI, provides timely analysis on peace and security issues, interviews with leading policymakers, interactive maps, and more.

Recent Events

September 19, 2014
Madani: Extremist Group Actions “Cannot be Associated with Any Religion”
Iyad Madani, the Secretary-General of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), reaffirmed at IPI the Muslim world’s commitment to religious tolerance and human rights and sought to distance Islam from the recent violent actions at the hands of extremist groups across Africa and the Middle East.

September 15, 2014
Despite Disaffection, Youth Still Engaged with Democracy
Young people around the world appear increasingly disaffected with politics and political institutions, particularly in countries where corruption is rampant and government accountability is lacking. Yet during a September 15th event commemorating the International Day of Democracy, a group of young political activists from three different continents spoke at IPI about recent gains in youth political activism and ways to encourage it.

September 10, 2014
Lessons from the Past, Visions for the Future: The Middle East After 1914
On September 10-11, 2014, the International Peace Institute launched its inaugural meeting at its Middle East Regional Office in Manama, Bahrain titled “Lessons from the Past, Visions for the Future: The Middle East After 1914.”

View More