Speaker Events - Wednesday, February 02, 2011
Kaplan: "Last Phase of Western Dominance in the Indian Ocean"
"What this book is really about is the last phase of Western dominance in the Indian Ocean," author Robert D. Kaplan told an audience at an IPI Beyond the Headlines event featuring his book Monsoon: The Indian Ocean and the Future of American Power.
The book posits the premise that while the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans were the twentieth century venues of significant economic, geopolitical and military developments, in the twenty-first century the central arena will be the Indian Ocean.
"We're seeing a more fluid, organic continuum emerge whereby China affects Iran, and Iran affects India, and natural gas and oil in the Arabian Peninsula affects decisions made in China so that everything flows together," he said.
Around the Indian Ocean there are thirty-seven countries, representing a third of the world's population, and a Greater Indian Ocean map goes from the Red Sea in the Horn of Africa all the way to the South China Sea. "It embraces the entire arc of Islam, from the Sahara Desert to the Indonesian archipelago," he noted.
And thanks to the predictable monsoon wind patterns, he said, travel between the far-flung parts of the Indian Ocean is relatively rapid and completely dependable, establishing trade and geopolitical connections throughout history that will spur the region's growth in the twenty-first century.
"It's in the littorals," he writes, "where global issues such as population growth, climate change, sea level rises, shortages of fresh water and extremist politics–the last of which is affected by all the other factors–acquire a vivid geographical face."
The IPI event took place the evening of February 2nd, and the moderator was IPI's Vice President for External Relations, Warren Hoge.
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The Global Observatory
South Sudan, Back in Crisis, Finds Advocates in Former Child Refugees
Two former child soldiers from Sudan discuss how they are working to provide assistance to the South Sudanese displaced by the conflict that began December 15.
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February 26, 2014
Roméo Dallaire: Neutralize Child Soldiers Without Destroying Them
“We believe that by better training both police and military and a whole new dimension of working much closer, particularly information-wise, with NGOs and other agencies on the ground, we can work at neutralizing without destroying children as a system of weaponry in this era,” said Lt. General Roméo Dallaire (Ret.) at an IPI event on February 26th.
February 19, 2014
Gary Bass: Forgotten Genocide May Portend Future Stain on UN Inaction
The inability of the United Nations Security Council to halt mass atrocities in East Pakistan some 40 years ago has parallels to current inaction in North Korea, argued Gary Bass, a professor of politics and international affairs at Princeton University, on February 19th.
February 18, 2014
Jok: Near Collapse in South Sudan Is Shocking but Not Surprising
The events that recently brought South Sudan to a near collapse were “extremely shocking, but they were not surprising by any means,” said Jok Madut Jok, Executive Director of The Sudd Institute, at the International Peace Institute on February 18. “It was only a matter of time before the country returned to this kind of situation,” he added.