On April 11th, IPI together with the Permanent Mission of Côte d’Ivoire to the United Nations cohosted a high-level policy forum and reception entitled Côte d’Ivoire, a Successful Case of Crisis Management: A Look Back at the Experience and Lessons Learned.
After thirteen years, the United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) is set to end in June 2017, leaving behind a stable country on the path to economic development, (the annual average growth rate stands at 9 percent) reconciliation, and sustainable peace.
UNOCI is the first peacekeeping operation to close since the United Nations Integrated Mission in East Timor ended. Its transition toward closure comes at a time when exit strategies are being considered for UN missions in Liberia and Haiti—providing an opportunity to examine lessons learned from this unique operation.
In efforts to resolve the Ivorian crisis, the Security Council adopted various crisis management instruments including: diplomatic engagement through regional mediation efforts and the deployment of a regional force; the simultaneous deployment of a French force (Opération Licorne); the implementation of an arms and diamonds embargo, targeted sanctions against troublemakers; the establishment of a commission of inquiry for human rights abuses; threats to resort to the International Criminal Court; Security Sector Reform (SSR), Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR); and the establishment of a UN election certification mandate.
All these instruments have, at some point, helped initiate dialogue between various stakeholders. Although contested at its outset, the UN’s election certification role ultimately led the international community to unite in support of full respect for the results of the November 2010 presidential elections. This allowed for crisis recovery and the stabilization of Cote d’Ivoire, and more broadly, of the subregion.
As Côte d’Ivoire launches its campaign for a non-permanent member seat on the UN Security Council, this high-level panel will offer the opportunity to reflect on the management and resolution of this crisis, and the lessons that can be learned from the long-running United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire.
H.E. Mr. Marcel Amon-Tanoh, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Côte d’Ivoire
Mr. Jean-Pierre Lacroix, United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations
Mrs. Elisabeth Lindenmayer, Director, International Organization and UN Studies Specialization, School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University
Dr. Youssef Mahmoud, Senior Adviser, International Peace Institute